Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sow under glass
Sow outside
Harvest
Showing schedule for Southern England in United Kingdom

Soil facts and preparation

Quick facts..

  • Soil Type Well Drained
  • Ideal Ph range 6.0 to 7.5
  • Site Full Sun
Turnips are not particularly fussy when it comes to soil, however poor soil will have an impact on the rate of growth and quality of flavour.

Add lime to your soil if it is acidic and dig in some well rotted manure or fresh compost. Having plenty of moisture retentive organic matter in the soil will help the turnip plants grow even textured, shapely roots.

For the best possible results you can add a general purpose fertilizer a couple of weeks before sowing, though this is not absolutely necessary.

Sowing and planting

Quick facts..

  • Germination 4 to 7 days
  • Sow 15mm deep
  • Sow Spacing 25mm
  • Rows 250mm apart
Loosen the soil deeply before sowing to encourage good root development. Sow 1.5cm deep and 2.5cm apart. Space rows 25cm apart.

A good tip is to water your seed drill/row well before sowing, this means you will not wash the seeds away after sowing and also encourages the tap root of the turnip to drill down for its water supply.

Growing a bumper crop

Keep soil moist, water regularly during dry weather. It is better to give the soil a good soaking every couple of days so water penetrates deep rather than continually wetting the surface of the soil. Any periods of drought will have an adverse effect on the texture of the root.

Harvesting the fruits of your labour

Quick facts..

  • Yield 340g per plant
Depending on the variety you can harvest when the turnip reaches the size of a golf ball to the size of a tennis ball. General rule of thumb though is to harvest when smaller for eating raw and larger for cooking.

'Turnip tops' or 'Turnip greens' as they are known should be harvested while the leaves are green and tender. Leave the plants to regrow after cutting for additional crop of greens.

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